获取树莓派的一些状态、负载。

直接上代码

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import os
# Return CPU temperature as a character string
def getCPUtemperature():
res = os.popen('vcgencmd measure_temp').readline()
return(res.replace("temp=","").replace("'C\n",""))
# Return RAM information (unit=kb) in a list
# Index 0: total RAM
# Index 1: used RAM
# Index 2: free RAM
def getRAMinfo():
p = os.popen('free')
i = 0
while 1:
i = i + 1
line = p.readline()
if i==2:
return(line.split()[1:4])
# Return % of CPU used by user as a character string
def getCPUuse():
return(str(os.popen("top -n1 | awk '/Cpu\(s\):/ {print $2}'").readline().strip()))
# Return information about disk space as a list (unit included)
# Index 0: total disk space
# Index 1: used disk space
# Index 2: remaining disk space
# Index 3: percentage of disk used
def getDiskSpace():
p = os.popen("df -h /")
i = 0
while 1:
i = i +1
line = p.readline()
if i==2:
return(line.split()[1:5])
# CPU informatiom
CPU_temp = getCPUtemperature()
CPU_usage = getCPUuse()
# RAM information
# Output is in kb, here I convert it in Mb for readability
RAM_stats = getRAMinfo()
RAM_total = round(int(RAM_stats[0]) / 1000,1)
RAM_used = round(int(RAM_stats[1]) / 1000,1)
RAM_free = round(int(RAM_stats[2]) / 1000,1)
# Disk information
DISK_stats = getDiskSpace()
DISK_total = DISK_stats[0]
DISK_used = DISK_stats[1]
DISK_perc = DISK_stats[3]
if __name__ == '__main__':
print('')
print('CPU Temperature = '+CPU_temp)
print('CPU Use = '+CPU_usage)
print('')
print('RAM Total = '+str(RAM_total)+' MB')
print('RAM Used = '+str(RAM_used)+' MB')
print('RAM Free = '+str(RAM_free)+' MB')
print('')
print('DISK Total Space = '+str(DISK_total)+'B')
print('DISK Used Space = '+str(DISK_used)+'B')
print('DISK Used Percentage = '+str(DISK_perc))

运行

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$ python get_pi_status.py

输出

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CPU Temperature = 36.5
CPU Use = 0.7
RAM Total = 947.0 MB
RAM Used = 247.0 MB
RAM Free = 700.0 MB
DISK Total Space = 29GB
DISK Used Space = 3.9GB
DISK Used Percentage = 15%

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